our encounters with other musics should be both humble in approach and in ethics, careful. although humility and care rule out certain kinds of musical participation or appropriation, i would argue that they open the door to powerful collaborations. one such collaboration might be between a kind of applied ethnomusicology and language revival movements. musical practices connect with language revitalization movements as parallel practices, pedagogical tools, or promotional hooks. musics might also face endangerment, and language endangerment often connects with musical endangerment in complicated ways.